Gum diseases, or ‘periodontal’ diseases, are infections of the gum and bone that holds the teeth in their socket. Unhealthy gums usually bleed when brushing and flossing and are often very red in the appearance.
If the disease is not managed, it can lead to painful symptoms, chewing problems, and eventual tooth loss.
There can be additional complications of poorly controlled gum disease on other medical conditions, such as diabetes. Diabetes can affect many parts of the body including the blood glucose levels, kidneys, heart and nerve endings.
Poorly controlled diabetes can also effect the gum/bone tissues, resulting in increases in gum diseases and interferences in the healing process of the body. It can cause dry mouth symptoms and high levels of salivary sugar in the mouth; bacteria present in the mouth thrives on sugar, which may help the bacteria to grow and damage teeth, bone and gum tissues.
Scientists believe that many medical complications, especially gum disease, can be controlled or prevented by properly managing diabetes. Keeping up with good oral hygiene at home by brushing twice a day for 2 minutes each time, and daily flossing helps a lot, too.
Patients should see their dentist and hygienist for annual check-up and cleanings twice a year as well. These methods together can help patients with diabetes manage their condition and keep a healthy & happy smile 🙂
Jaz Tathgur, RDH